Land Characteristic

The city’s terrain is partially flat on its southwest portion and mostly rolling with gentle slopes in the rest of the area.

Its higher slopes on the northeast provide an ideal setting for a world-class golf course. Ironically, the lowest point lies a little bit inland and is most often affected by flash floods (Map 2 – Slope Map).

Its river coast spreads at an elevation of three (3) meters and is supported by concrete embankments.

While its surface area is mostly covered with loose to granular clay loam and granular clay, Mandaluyong is actually lying on a solid foundation of compact and massive adobe. These soil characteristics define soil types nos. 17 and 18, commonly called Novaliches Clay Loam Adobe, and Guadalupe Clay (Map 3 – Soil Map).